There is no one-size-fits all treatment for Parkinson’s. Rather, treatment should be tailored to an individual’s symptoms via a shared decision-making process with your healthcare provider.
Treatment may include things that you do yourself, such as exercise, or things that you do with oversight, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy or talk therapy. It may also include medications specific to your needs, such as medications aimed at improving your movement, and others aimed at improving non-movement symptoms such as constipation, urinary dysfunction, or sleep. The treatment of Parkinson’s is often best served via a team approach, with you – the person with PD – at the center and incorporation of your care partner, healthcare provider, therapists and other healthcare providers who treat specific symptoms of Parkinson’s.
Exercise can improve many PD symptoms. It is a vital to maintaining balance, mobility, mental health and activities of daily living for people with Parkinson’s.
The choice of medication treatment depends on many variables, including symptoms present. Learn more about the types of available medications.
Surgical Treatment Options
Looking to explore advanced treatment options? Surgery can be an effective option for managing and improving many movement PD symptoms.
There are many medications available to treat the various symptoms of Parkinson’s, although none yet that effectively slow or stop the underlying disease. It is common for people with Parkinson’s to take a variety of medications — many at different doses and at different times of day — to manage symptoms.
While keeping track of medications can be a challenging task, understanding your medications and sticking to a routine will provide the greatest benefit and give the best chance at avoiding “off” periods. Create a log of your symptoms with respect to your dosing of medications and keep your healthcare provider informed. Set expectations when starting or adjusting a medication to know if you are obtaining adequate benefits.
Physical, Occupational & Speech Therapies
When you live with Parkinson's, symptoms can change as the disease progresses. Building a diverse health care team can help you manage your symptoms at every stage.
- Why can physical therapy help?
- Would occupational therapy help my daily function?
- Do I have a speech or voice problem?
Researchers are testing marijuana, sometimes referred to as cannabis or its components of THC and CBD, as a treatment for many illnesses and diseases, including neurological conditions.
Over the Counter & Complementary Therapies
People with Parkinson’s who seek relief from their symptoms may decide to explore complementary therapies, which can support or complement traditional medicine. While there are many kinds of complementary medicine, this section focuses on herbs, vitamins and supplements.
Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Clinical Assistant Professor and Dr. Amelia Heston, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Michigan.
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