Who would have ever thought I would be writing about boxing? I'm that person who hides behind her coat in the movie theater during fight scenes! Luckily, boxing for Parkinson's disease (PD) is non-contact and a fight worth a good punch. In recent years, boxing programs for people with PD have been popping up all over the United States, many affiliated with Rock Steady Boxing in Indianapolis, IN. This onset of new exercise programs has brought with it many questions about the safety and effectiveness of boxing for PD.
We are just beginning to understand more about boxing for PD. What I can tell you to date is that participants in our studies have safely completed training and have been able to adhere to the program. And boxing training, like what is done at Rock Steady Boxing, does appear to be effective. Participation in intense boxing training over time is associated with better mobility and better perception of quality of life. This is all very promising, but we still have a lot of work to do to better understand the effects of boxing and how it compares to other types of exercise.
Let's consider some hard-hitting evidence from an ESPN poll (okay, maybe not so hard-hitting). A panel of experts including scientists, athletes and sports journalists decided that boxing is THE most demanding sport. They reported that collectively boxers need more endurance, strength, power, agility, flexibility and speed than athletes from any other sport. Does this mean that boxing is the best exercise for anyone, including those with Parkinson disease? There actually may not be a right answer to that question. The type of exercise one chooses needs to fit their unique interests and ability. So, why then are so many people with PD choosing to box? Boxing makes for a novel and intriguing exercise choice for many adults with PD. It's fun, dynamic and different. And let's face it, who doesn't want to punch Parkinson's right in the kisser from time to time?
Many boxers have told me that they enjoy the camaraderie with the others in the program and that motivates them to keep going, class after class. That might just be the most critical point here! It may not matter if you box, walk, cycle, dance, or do Tai Chi. What matters is that you find an exercise program that you enjoy and stick with it! And better yet, find others who want to exercise with you and motivate each other to keep going. Just like daily medications, a regular dose of exercise, no matter the type, may be a key ingredient to maintaining health and function over the long haul for those with PD.
It has been exciting to see so many communities develop boxing programs for people with PD. As a physical therapist, I am thankful that many people with PD now have an option for ongoing exercise in their communities. If you are considering boxing, it is important to remember to slowly build up your tolerance to the intensity of the training. Know your physical limits, seek guidance from the coaches and give it your best shot! But regardless of what type of exercise keeps you going back to the gym, by regularly exercising you are likely to give Parkinson's a good fight.
Stephanie Combs-Miller, PT, PhD, NCS, is a board-certified clinical specialist in neurologic physical therapy, educator and researcher at University of Indianapolis. Dr. Combs-Miller has collaborated with Rock Steady Boxing for the past 10 years to build the community-based partnership and to conduct research on the effects of boxing training for people with Parkinson disease.