Dystonia in Parkinson's Disease

Dystonia is a continuous or repetitive muscle twisting, spasm or cramp that can happen at different times of day. Curled, clenched toes or a painful, cramped foot are telltale signs of dystonia. Dystonia can occur in different stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD). For example, dystonia is a common early symptom of Young Onset Parkinson’s, but it can also appear in middle to advanced stages of Parkinson’s.

Medications for Non-motor Symptoms

Parkinson’s Disease is often seen as just a movement disorder, but there are many symptoms of PD that are not movement related. These symptoms are called non-motor symptoms. Some of these include cognitive changes, sleep and speech issues or even mood disorders. There are many medications available for the non-motor symptoms of PD, as indicated below. While medication can be beneficial to improve non-motor symptoms, do not forget that exercise and complementary therapies are important too.

Medications for Motor Symptoms

There is no standard treatment for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Treatment for each person with Parkinson’s is based on his or her motor symptoms, or movement related symptoms. There are many medications available to treat Parkinson’s motor symptoms, although none yet that reverse the effects of the disease. It is common for people with PD to take a variety of these medications — all at different doses and at different times of day — to manage these motor symptoms.


The experience of staying in the hospital, whether planned or unplanned, is stressful for anyone. For people who live with Parkinson’s disease (PD), hospital stays can be especially challenging. Research shows that when people with PD are admitted to the hospital, they have longer stays and more often need rehabilitation afterwards, compared to people without PD.

Coping Skills for Care Partners

A diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a life-changing experience not only for the person with PD, but also for the spouse, child, other family member or friend who becomes the person’s primary care partner. Care partners take on many different responsibilities — from accompanying a loved one on doctors visits and grocery shopping to more demanding ones like providing physical care.

Stress Management for PD

It is not uncommon for the stresses of daily life — feeling overwhelmed, under prepared and over stimulated — to cause anxiety and unrest. These psychological issues can impact your health and even exacerbate the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). That is why it is important to assess what may be causing stress and learn how to deal with the situations that give rise to anxiety. Meditation, yoga or Tai Chi and deep breathing can help restore a sense of calm.

Participando en la investigación

Aún hay mucho que no sabemos sobre la salud y la enfermedad de Parkinson (EP o PD por sus siglas en inglés). La investigación médica nos ayudará a descubrir más. Una manera en que las personas que padecen de EP nos pueden ayudar a comprender mejor esta enfermedad es participando en investigaciones clínicas. Si está considerando participar en una investigación clínica, es importante que sepa más acerca del proceso y por qué es tan importante.

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